Required Reading - Credit Students (2013)

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Abel Beth Maacah Field School


Reading List


The following is a list of articles on an array of topics related to archaeology at Abel Beth Maacah, and the history of the region. These are required for all students enrolled in the field school for credit, and are recommended for interested team members.  With the exception of Cline (2009), which students should purchase and bring with them to the site (available also in a Kindle version), all of the readings can be accessed as pdf’s here.  For students enrolled for credit, please read these materials in advance of the season, and make sure you have access to them while at the site, either by downloading them onto a computer, or in hard copy.

Bunimowitz, Shlomo and Avraham Faust. “Reconstructing Biblical Archaeology: Toward an Integration of Archaeology and the Bible.” Pages 43-54 in Historical Biblical Archaeology and the Future: The New Pragmatism. Edited by T. Levy. London: Equinox, 2010.

Bunomovitz, Shlomo, Zvi Lederman, and Dale W. Manor, “The Archaeology of Border Communities: Renewed Excavations at Tel Beth Shemesh, Part 1: The Iron Age.Near Eastern Archaeology 72/3 (2009): 114-142.

Cline, Eric. Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford, 2009.

Dever, William G.  Abel-beth-ma’acah: “Northern Gateway of Ancient Israel.” Pages 207-222 in The Archaeology of Jordan and Other Studies. Edited by L. T. Gerarty and L. Herr. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University, 1986.

Frankel, Rafael. “Upper Galilee in the Late Bronze Age-Iron I Transition.” In From Nomadism to Monarchy: Archaeological and Historical Aspects of Early Israel. ed. Israel Finkelstein and Nadav Na'aman, 18–34. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1994.

Lipiński, E. “Phoenicians.” Pages 163-197 in On the Skirts of Canaan: Historical and Topographic Researches. Leuven: Peeters, 2006.

_____. “Arameans.” Pages 203-222 in On the Skirts of Canaan.  

Lucy, Sam. “Ethnic and Cultural Identities.” Pages 86-109 in The Archaeology of Identity: Approaches to Gender, Age, Status Ethncity and Religion. Edited by M. Diaz-Andreu, et. al. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Mazar, Amihai. “The Israelite Settlement.” Pages 85-98 in The Quest for Historical Israel: Debating Archaeology and the History of Early Israel. Edited by B. Schmidt. Atlanta: Society for Biblical Literature, 2007.

_____. “General Aspects of Israelite Material Culture.” Pages 463-530 in Archaeology and the Land of the Bible: 10,000-586 BCE (New York: Doubleday, 1990).

Na’aman, Nadav. The Land of Geshur in History and Memory. Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 26/1: 88–101. 2012

Panitz-Cohen, Nava, Ruhama Bonfil, and Robert Mullins, Report: Survey at Tel Abel Beth Maacah - May 2012.



Requirements for Graduate Students Receiving Academic Credit for Participation in the Abel Beth Maacah Field School


Graduate students are required to do all assigned readings (see the “required reading” list on the website under “Academic Program”) and to meet all of the undergraduate credit requirements.  In addition, they are required to submit the following assignment, no later than September 1, 2013. Work can be e-mailed to Prof. Lauren Monroe (.). 

 Synthesis of Archaeological Evidence from Sites in the Upper Galilee


There is currently no published synthesis of archaeological evidence from sites in the Upper Galilee.  The purpose of this assignment is for you to try your hand at producing such a synthesis, including any relevant evidence from Abel Beth Maacah, collected during the 2013 inaugural season. In order to control the scope of this project, you must choose one of the following temporal horizons on which to focus: Middle and Late Bronze OR Late Bronze and Iron I OR Iron I and Iron II.  Your synthesis should be based on information contained in the major publications and field reports from all of the Upper Galilee sites that are relevant to your period.

 Below is a list of archaeological sites with links to websites (when available) where extensive bibliography is posted.  Bibliographic information and summary articles on many of these sites are also available in the New Encycopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Volumes 1-5. 

 Bethsaida (

 Dan (

 Ein Gev (

 Hazor (

 Tel Kinrot (

 Kiryat Shemona

 Tel Hadar


Your papers should be divided into the following sub-headings:

 1) Historical Geography

 Provide a very brief overview of the geography of the Upper Galilee - the basic topographic elements, the regional characteristics and how they have affected the history of the region (i.e., passage thru Hula Valley, geographic connection to Lebanon, Syria..., etc.)

 For a brief, general discussion of approaches to the field of Historical Geography, with bibliography, see:

 Matthews, V. 1997. “Historical Geography.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, vol. 3 (edited by E. Meyers; New York: Oxford University Press).


 2) Chronological framework

 Provide a survey of the relevant strata and if possible, the key data that served for their dating, as well as a brief discussion of any controversy or disagreement over dating. This can be done either in narrative form, as a table, or a little of both.


3) Historical Significance

Describe the large-scale political, economic, socio-economic, and cultural features of your period as they play out in the archaeology of the sites in the Upper Galilee. For example, if you are working on the LB-Iron I, discuss the nature and extent of Egyptian influence; evidence for the nature of LB collapse, and evidence for the emergence of Israel/ nature of the Israelite settlement. 


 4) Conclusion

 This section should consist of a brief longue-durée overview of conclusions that can be drawn about the Upper Galilee region in your period.  You may want to begin this section with a statement to the following effect:  "Having looked at the archaeological data that defines each period in this region, we can say _______"   


 5) Bibliography

 This is a difficult assignment. Try not to get bogged down with wall numbers and stratigraphic phasing; rather keep your focus on broad interconnections between the major sites in the region, and have fun puzzling together the data. This should not be a magnum opus – it is simply an exercise in how to 'make the leap' between archaeological data and historical (and cultural) reconstruction. Please feel free to discuss any questions or concerns you have about this project with Lauren, Nava, Bob or Chris.  

 ** A note regarding citations:  You may use either footnotes or parenthetical notation in your papers. Whichever format you prefer is fine; just make sure you are consistent.   

 Here is some recent bibliography with links to some pdf’s; others available upon request:


Bonfil, R. and A. Zarzecki-Peleg, “The Palace in the Upper City of Hazor as an Expression of a Syrian Architectural Paradigm,BASOR 348 (2007): 25-47.

 _____. “Hazor: A Syrian City-state in Mittani’s Orbit” UF 43 (2011): 537-569.

 Gadot, Y,  A. Yasur-Landau, and G. Bar-Oz, eds. 2012. Qiryat Shemona (S): Fort and Village in the Hula Valley (Salvage Excavation Reports 7; Tel Aviv

 Münger, S. J. Zangenberg, and J. Pakkala. 2011. “Kinneret - An Urban Center at the Crossroads: Excavations on Iron IB Tel Kinrot at the Lake of Gililee.NEA 74:2; 68-90. 

Johnson, M. 2010. Archaeology and HistoryArchaeological Theory. An Introduction. Blackwell Pub. Pp. 185–198


Finally, here is a list of abbreviations you may encounter in your research:


BA                   Biblical Archaeologist 

BAR                 Biblical Archaeology Review 

BASOR            Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 

CANE              Civilizations of the Ancient Near East  

IEJ                   Israel Exploration Journal 

JAOS               Journal of the American Oriental Society

JBL                  Journal of Biblical Literature 

 JHS                 Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 

 NEA                Near Eastern Archaeology

 NEAEHL         New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land

 OEANE           Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

 PEQ                Palestine Exploration Quarterly (Ds101.P154; networked from 2004

 UF                   Ugarit Forschungen